A Critical Analysis of English Language Entrance Examinations at Japanese Universities

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A Critical Analysis of English Language Entrance Examinations at Japanese Universities

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dc.contributor.author Takagi, Akiko en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2010-12-16T12:29:16Z en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-25T17:25:39Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-21T11:48:12Z
dc.date.issued 2010-03-18 en_GB
dc.description.abstract This study investigates the influence of university entrance exams on the perceptions and attitudes that Japanese students and teachers have towards English-language exams. It is a qualitative study conducted within the framework of a critical paradigm and specifically refers to the theory of critical language testing proposed by Shohamy (2001). The study was conducted within this framework to highlight the current problems of university entrance exams and emphasize the need for change. It also challenges the positivist view which is dominant in Japanese language testing research and expands the research area within the Japanese context. The aim of the study was to empower both students and high school teachers who, as the highest stakeholders, are in a weak position and give them an opportunity to express their opinions and feelings through an open-ended questionnaire and interview. The study also intended to raise their awareness about their rights as test-takers to question the misuse of tests and encourage them to develop a critical view about the exam system. The results demonstrated that university entrance examination has a negative impact on both language learning for students and high school teaching for teachers. The students experience a psychological burden while preparing for and taking the exam. Likewise, teachers feel pressured by various stakeholders including students, parents, and administrators. In addition, both students and teachers realize that entrance exams have an important influence on the life and future of a student and that they cannot be avoided in an exam-driven society. The dissertation concludes with practical implications for both test-takers and testers to improve the current entrance examination system, in order to elicit positive feedback and better outcomes, as well as recommendations for further research. en_GB
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10036/117893 en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher University of Exeter en_GB
dc.title A Critical Analysis of English Language Entrance Examinations at Japanese Universities en_GB
dc.type Thesis or dissertation en_GB
dc.date.available 2010-12-16T12:29:16Z en_GB
dc.date.available 2011-01-25T17:25:39Z en_US
dc.date.available 2013-03-21T11:48:12Z
dc.contributor.advisor Riley, Susan en_GB
dc.publisher.department Graduate School of Education en_GB
dc.type.degreetitle EdD in TESOL en_GB
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_GB
dc.type.qualificationname EdD en_GB


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