The Attlee government, the imperial preference system and the creation of the GATT

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The Attlee government, the imperial preference system and the creation of the GATT

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dc.contributor.author Toye, Richard en_GB
dc.contributor.department University of Exeter en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2008-02-06T09:19:10Z en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-25T10:52:59Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-20T14:11:47Z
dc.date.issued 2003-09 en_GB
dc.description.abstract This article provides the first systematic account of the Attlee government's role in the 1947 Geneva negotiations that led to the signature of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). It shows how, in spite of significant problems along the way, the outcome of the negotiations represented a success for Britain, which, to a striking degree, withstood pressure to fall in with American views on trade. Not only did ministers secure important concessions over the timing of the implementation of the GATT's freer trade rules, but they also successfully defended the imperial preference system against attack, even in the face of US threats that, if they did not act to eliminate preferences, Marshall Aid would be withheld from the UK. The article argues that this outcome was explicable in large part by the problems inherent in the seemingly powerful device of attaching policy conditions to large-scale foreign aid. It further suggests that the episode yields important lessons about the methods by which Britain, in her weakened postwar condition, resisted, to a significant degree successfully, US attempts at hegemonic imposition. en_GB
dc.identifier.citation 118 (478) pp. 912-939 en_GB
dc.identifier.doi 10.1093/ehr/118.478.912 en_GB
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10036/17592 en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Oxford University Press en_GB
dc.relation.url http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/118/478/912 en_GB
dc.subject International trade en_GB
dc.subject GATT en_GB
dc.subject Labour Party en_GB
dc.subject Attlee, Clement en_GB
dc.subject Economic policy en_GB
dc.title The Attlee government, the imperial preference system and the creation of the GATT en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB
dc.date.available 2008-02-06T09:19:10Z en_GB
dc.date.available 2011-01-25T10:52:59Z en_US
dc.date.available 2013-03-20T14:11:47Z
dc.identifier.issn 0013-8266 en_GB
dc.description This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The English Historical Review following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version (Vol.118 (478), Sept. 2003 pp. 912-939) is available online at: http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/118/478/912 en_GB
dc.identifier.eissn 1477-4534 en_GB
dc.identifier.journal English Historical Review en_GB


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