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dc.contributor.authorThorpe, Andrewen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Exeteren_GB
dc.date.accessioned2008-02-09T10:02:13Zen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-01-25T10:52:34Zen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-03-20T14:11:08Z
dc.date.issued2007en_GB
dc.description.abstractThe Second World War placed great pressures on the machinery and personnel of all political parties. Conservatives formed the view that their own machine had been especially hard hit by the challenges of the war years, and that this was a major reason for the party's 1945 general election defeat. A supposed decline in the number of full-time, salaried constituency agents was a key component of this narrative of decline. This article investigates what happened to the Conservative agency in wartime, using an unusually wide range of sources, including those of around a hundred constituency associations. It shows that the number of agents did fall as a result of the war, but that associations often worked hard to keep their agents, or to mitigate the effects of their departure. It also explains the failure of headquarters' wartime efforts to reform the agency and centralize the employment of agents. Although the party's relative organizational decline did have significant emotional and practical consequences for it in 1945, Conservatives tended, post hoc, to overstate the extent of their wartime organizational collapse, in part because it allowed them to avoid damaging recriminations about the real reasons for their defeat. Ultimately, though, the war's effects, while significant, were essentially transient. Constituency control of agents remained, and a professional standard was maintained. The Conservatives emerged from the war with an agency that was different in detail from, but recognizably similar in form to, that which had predated the war.en_GB
dc.identifier.citation18 (3), pp. 334-364en_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/tcbh/hwm014en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10036/17852en_GB
dc.language.isoenen_GB
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://0-tcbh.oxfordjournals.org.lib.ex.ac.uk/cgi/reprint/18/3/334en_GB
dc.subjectConservative Partyen_GB
dc.subjectSecond World Waren_GB
dc.subjectConservative agencyen_GB
dc.subjectConstituenciesen_GB
dc.subjectLocal party recordsen_GB
dc.subjectPolitical party membershipen_GB
dc.subjectAgentsen_GB
dc.titleConservative Party agents in Second World War Britainen_GB
dc.typeArticleen_GB
dc.date.available2008-02-09T10:02:13Zen_GB
dc.date.available2011-01-25T10:52:34Zen_GB
dc.date.available2013-03-20T14:11:08Z
dc.identifier.issn09552359en_GB
dc.identifier.issn14774674en_GB
pubs.declined2012-12-03T13:35:31.0+0000
dc.descriptionThis is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Twentieth Century British History following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version (Vol.18 (3), 2007 pp. 334-364) is available online at: http://0-tcbh.oxfordjournals.org.lib.ex.ac.uk/cgi/reprint/18/3/334 24 month embargo by the publisher. Article will be released September 2009.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalTwentieth Century British Historyen_GB


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