The industrial meaning of "gradualism": the Labour party and industry, 1918-1931

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The industrial meaning of "gradualism": the Labour party and industry, 1918-1931

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dc.contributor.author Thorpe, Andrew en_GB
dc.contributor.department University of Exeter en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2008-03-03T12:35:39Z en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-25T10:52:38Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-20T14:14:48Z
dc.date.issued 1996-01 en_GB
dc.description.abstract In the period from 1918 until 1931, the British Labour party adhered to the precepts of "gradualism": incrementally and by degrees, the party would gain support and pass legislation in an inexorable progress toward the socialist millennium. For a while, it seemed that this strategy would carry all before it. Emerging from the First World War with a "socialist" commitment, it became the largest opposition party at the 1918 general election. In 1922 it became the clear opposition to the Conservatives, and Ramsay MacDonald was reelected leader after an eight-year break. A short-lived minority Labour government in 1924 was followed by heavy electoral defeat, but the party was able to form its second minority government in 1929. However, its credibility was destroyed by soaring unemployment, and the ministry collapsed in the summer of 1931 after failing to agree on public expenditure cuts. MacDonald and the chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden, led a small Labour cohort into a "National" government, which went on to crush Labour at the polls that October. Detailed work on this complex period of Labour's history is hard to find, however. Little work has been done on policy: in particular, it is surprising that, given the party's symbiotic link with trade unionism and the central role of industry in Labour leaders' conception of the transformation to socialism, so little attention has been paid to the party's industrial policy in this period. en_GB
dc.identifier.citation 35 (1), pp. 84-113 en_GB
dc.identifier.doi 10.1086/386097 en_GB
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10036/19512 en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher University of Chicago Press en_GB
dc.relation.url http://0-www.journals.uchicago.edu.lib.ex.ac.uk/toc/jbs/1996/35/1 en_GB
dc.relation.url http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0021-9371%28199601%2935%3A1%3C84%3ATIMO%22T%3E2.0.CO%3B2-4 en_GB
dc.subject Labour Party en_GB
dc.subject Gradualism en_GB
dc.subject Socialist en_GB
dc.subject Socialism en_GB
dc.subject Industrial policy en_GB
dc.title The industrial meaning of "gradualism": the Labour party and industry, 1918-1931 en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB
dc.date.available 2008-03-03T12:35:39Z en_GB
dc.date.available 2011-01-25T10:52:38Z en_US
dc.date.available 2013-03-20T14:14:48Z
dc.identifier.issn 0021-9371 en_GB
dc.identifier.journal Journal of British Studies en_GB


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