The enemy within: loyalists and the war against Mau Mau in Kenya
University of Exeter
The Journal of African History
Cambridge University Press
Between 1952 and 1960, the British colonial government of Kenya waged a violent counter-insurgency campaign against the Mau Mau rebels. In this effort the regime was assisted by collaborators, known as loyalists, drawn from the same communities as the insurgents. Based primarily on new archival sources, this article sets out the history of loyalism, stresses the ambiguity of allegiances during the conflict and argues that loyalism was a product of the same intellectual debates that had spawned the Mau Mau insurgency. The article concludes by stressing the significance for postcolonial Kenya of this history.
Arts and Humanities Research Council
The article was prepared while the author was a fellow of the Program for Order, Conflict and Violence at Yale. Published version. 12 month embargo. Article will be released August 2008.
48(2), pp. 291-315