Society, Resistance and Revolution: The Budapest Middle Class and the Hungarian Communist State 1948-56

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Society, Resistance and Revolution: The Budapest Middle Class and the Hungarian Communist State 1948-56

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dc.contributor.author Mark, James en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-05-25T13:36:38Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-20T14:13:20Z
dc.date.issued 2005 en_US
dc.description.abstract This article examines middle-class resistance to the early Communist state in Hungary. Most were hostile to the regime by the early 1950s, but despite this shared opposition various groups formulated very different responses to Communist power. Some chose active resistance whilst others withdrew into the private sphere. This article uses oral history testimony from seventy-six members of the Budapest bourgeoisie to argue that the decision to defy illegitimate power had little correlation with a group's dislike of the regime, or the space it was given to resist in. Rather, it reflected the complex social codes which surrounded the expression of dissent. In early Communist Hungary these codes were defined mainly by political traditions. Conservatives, for instance, despite being more deeply opposed to the Communist state than any other group, chose not to resist: they regarded active dissent as a form of collaboration as it involved political engagement with a regime that they regarded as an illegitimate foreign imposition. Different political affiliations were to define differing degrees of involvement in the 1956 revolution too: liberals and socialists had maintained traditions which idealised resistance and found expression in the revolt, whereas conservatives' earlier reluctance to engage politically continued in their ambiguous response to the possibilities of the uprising. Finally, the article considers the question of memory, examining the social and political pressures on individuals since 1989 to write the history of anti-Communist resistance into their life stories. en_GB
dc.description.sponsorship Arts and Humanities Research Board and the Economic and Social Research Council. en_GB
dc.identifier.citation Volume 120, Number 488, pp. 963-986 en_GB
dc.identifier.doi 10.1093/ehr/cei242 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10036/3098 en_US
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Oxford University Press en_GB
dc.relation.url http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/120/488/963.abstract en_GB
dc.subject Hungary en_GB
dc.subject Communist state en_GB
dc.subject resistance en_GB
dc.subject Middle Class en_GB
dc.subject revolution en_GB
dc.title Society, Resistance and Revolution: The Budapest Middle Class and the Hungarian Communist State 1948-56 en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB
dc.date.available 2011-05-25T13:36:38Z en_US
dc.date.available 2013-03-20T14:13:20Z
dc.identifier.issn 0013-8266 en_US
dc.description This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in English Historical Review following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version James Mark . Society, Resistance and Revolution: The Budapest Middle Class and the Hungarian Communist State 1948–56. The English Historical Review, Volume 120, Number 488 (September 2005), pp. 963-986 is available online at: http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/120/488/963.full.pdf+html. en_GB
dc.identifier.eissn 1477-4534 en_US
dc.identifier.journal English Historical Review en_GB


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