The Importance of Identifying Particular Strengths: Spatial Ability in Pupils who are at Risk of Not Learning to Read.

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The Importance of Identifying Particular Strengths: Spatial Ability in Pupils who are at Risk of Not Learning to Read.

Show simple item record Burgoyne, Christine Anne en_US 2011-06-21T16:49:52Z en_US 2013-03-21T10:32:03Z 2010-08-02 en_US
dc.description.abstract Recent studies have shown that there may be evidence that children with reading difficulties have particular compensatory spatial ability, although the exact spatial ability has not been identified. This study used qualitative and quantitative methods to examine closely two spatial abilities, spatial visualisation (mental rotation from memory) and visual realism (three-dimensional drawing and construction ability) in students with reading problems and students with no problems. The aim was also to explore the question of whether students with spatial ability and reading problems were encouraged to use these strengths either in or out of school and whether such abilities could be identified in the early years environment. Equally, the question of motivational failure related to possible unrecognised potential, particularly in the area of non-verbal/spatial ability was also examined. This study used longitudinal case studies with five children and their mothers over a period of ten years. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using a grounded theory approach. Researcher observations as the teacher of the five children in their primary years provided additional evidence of their reading and spatial abilities at an early age. In addition, the study uses a Further Education College survey that examines spatial ability and reading problems in 133 post-16 year olds that provides the quantitative element of the study providing evidence about students with spatial abilities and their career choices. The data analysis revealed that the five case studies had largely overcome their reading problems due to early intervention strategies for reading together with encouragement and support outside school for their spatial abilities. Additionally, they have pursued careers, which for the most part, uses their spatial skills. The data analysis of the College survey showed that the link between spatial ability and reading problems was less secure, although there were a number of students with Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD) who had high spatial abilities and this proved to be important from the point of view of identifying strengths alongside weakness in literacy, particularly in the early years at school. Early identification and acknowledgement of spatial ability as a perceived strength and used to support learning, as opposed to identification of reading problems, a perceived deficit, proved to be a key finding of the research. en_GB
dc.identifier.uri en_US
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher University of Exeter en_GB
dc.subject Combined research methodology en_GB
dc.subject Qualitative individual case studies en_GB
dc.subject Quantitative Further Education College survey en_GB
dc.subject 3-D spatial visualisation spatial skills en_GB
dc.subject 3-D visual realism skills en_GB
dc.subject Reading problems en_GB
dc.subject Early play and construction tasks en_GB
dc.subject Assessment of spatial ability in the early years en_GB
dc.subject Strong spatial ability and reading problems in the early years en_GB
dc.subject Early years en_GB
dc.subject Identifying spatial ability alongside reading problems en_GB
dc.subject Motivation and self-esteem in learning to read en_GB
dc.subject Teachers observing early play and spatial ability en_GB
dc.subject Strengths versus deficit in the early years en_GB
dc.subject Drawing skills en_GB
dc.subject Construction skills en_GB
dc.subject Creative play en_GB
dc.subject 3-D drawing skills en_GB
dc.subject 3-D construction skills en_GB
dc.subject Early play as predictors of spatial ability en_GB
dc.subject Early play as a predictor of career choices en_GB
dc.subject Parents encouraging spatial skills en_GB
dc.title The Importance of Identifying Particular Strengths: Spatial Ability in Pupils who are at Risk of Not Learning to Read. en_GB
dc.type Thesis or dissertation en_GB 2011-06-21T16:49:52Z en_US 2013-03-21T10:32:03Z
dc.contributor.advisor Norwich, Brahm en_US
dc.publisher.department Graduate School of Education en_GB
dc.type.degreetitle PhD in Education en_GB
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_GB
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_GB

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