The British Anti-Shipping Campaign in the Mediterranean 1940-1944: Comparing Methods of Attack

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The British Anti-Shipping Campaign in the Mediterranean 1940-1944: Comparing Methods of Attack

Show simple item record Hammond, Richard James en_US 2012-03-27T09:45:04Z en_US 2013-03-21T10:35:25Z 2011-08-30 en_US
dc.description.abstract From the Italian declaration of war on 10 June 1940 through to the end of December 1944, the British and their allies waged a major campaign against Axis shipping in the Mediterranean. Uniquely for the British, this campaign took the form of a combined arms offensive throughout its conduct, and utilized all four methods of attacking shipping; surface vessels, submarines, aircraft and mine warfare. This thesis approaches the campaign thematically, examining each of the four methods individually. The priority given to the campaign, the forces and equipment available throughout, the tactics used and their development, the successes achieved in numbers and tonnage of merchant vessels sunk and the losses in numbers and casualties are all considered for each method. By examining these factors and the relevant quantitative data, the efficacy of each form of attack is determined and a final comparison of the four different methods made. The thesis concludes that overall, torpedo aircraft were the most effective method due to their ratio of high success and low number of personnel casualties, despite considerable losses of aircraft. Submarines were also very successful but ultimately more costly. The thesis demonstrates that mine warfare might well have achieved significant results had a greater priority been placed on it and that surface vessels no longer retained the ability to operate successfully for sustained periods in an anti-shipping role unless in an area of aerial and naval superiority. en_GB
dc.description.sponsorship Phillip Nicholas Trust en_GB
dc.identifier.uri en_US
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher University of Exeter en_GB
dc.rights.embargodate 2015-12-31
dc.rights.embargoreason To enable publication of the thesis in the future
dc.subject British en_GB
dc.subject Anti-Shipping en_GB
dc.subject Mediterranean en_GB
dc.subject Second World War en_GB
dc.subject Naval en_GB
dc.title The British Anti-Shipping Campaign in the Mediterranean 1940-1944: Comparing Methods of Attack en_GB
dc.type Thesis or dissertation en_GB 2012-03-27T09:45:04Z en_US 2013-03-21T10:35:25Z
dc.contributor.advisor Overy, Richard en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Redford, Duncan en_US
dc.publisher.department History en_GB
dc.type.degreetitle PhD in Maritime History en_GB
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_GB
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_GB

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