The Analysis and Interpretation of Fragmented Mammoth Bone Assemblages: Experiments in Bone Fracture with Archaeological Applications.

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The Analysis and Interpretation of Fragmented Mammoth Bone Assemblages: Experiments in Bone Fracture with Archaeological Applications.

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dc.contributor.author Karr, Landon Patrick en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-14T16:21:54Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-21T10:09:14Z
dc.date.issued 2012-02-01 en_US
dc.description.abstract The study of flaked mammoth bone tools from the Late Pleistocene is a topic that has inspired great interest in the archaeological community for the last 40 years. The interpretation of evidence of culturally modified mammoth bone tools has varied widely across both time and space. At different times and in different places, flaked bone toolmaking has been interpreted across the geographic expanse of the North American continent, from Beringia to central Mexico, and through a vast timeframe, from 120,000 years ago, until as recently as 10,000 years ago. The study of these purported flaked bone tool assemblages has taken many forms, and has involved efforts to understand broken mammoth bone assemblages by drawing analogies to stone toolmaking strategies, by understanding the multitude of taphonomic processes that affect archaeological bone assemblages, and by attempting to differentiate the effects of natural and cultural processes. This thesis reports on a series of experiments designed to lend new actualistic evidence to the debate surrounding flaked bone toolmaking. These experiments include investigations into the effect of different environmental conditions on the degradation of bones, the flaking characteristics of both fresh and frozen bones, and the effect of rockfall as a taphonomic process on bones exposed to different real-world environments. These experiments, paired with a body of previous research, provide a basis in actualistic and taphonomic research that allows for the reassessment of archaeological and paleontological broken mammoth bone assemblages. This thesis includes the reassessment and detailed taphonomic analysis of four mammoth bone assemblages relevant to understanding cultural bone modification and the effect of non-cultural taphonomic processes. New interpretations of zooarchaeological assemblages from Lange/Ferguson (South Dakota, USA), Owl Cave (Idaho, USA), Inglewood (Maryland, USA), and Kent’s Cavern (Devon, UK) reveal new data that revise the understanding of the nature of these assemblages, and the effect of both natural and cultural bone fracturing agencies. en_GB
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10036/3590 en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_GB
dc.publisher University of Exeter en_GB
dc.rights.embargoreason I wish to continue publishing articles/chapters that are directly related to this thesis. en_GB
dc.rights Copyright Landon P. Karr 2012 en_GB
dc.subject Bone Fracture en_GB
dc.subject Taphonomy en_GB
dc.subject Experimental Archaeology en_GB
dc.subject Fragmentation en_GB
dc.subject Bone Flaking en_GB
dc.subject Environmental Archaeology en_GB
dc.subject Actualistic Studies en_GB
dc.subject Mammoth en_GB
dc.subject Pleistocene en_GB
dc.subject New World en_GB
dc.subject Rockfall en_GB
dc.subject Kent's Cavern en_GB
dc.subject Inglewood en_GB
dc.subject Lange/Ferguson en_GB
dc.subject Owl Cave en_GB
dc.title The Analysis and Interpretation of Fragmented Mammoth Bone Assemblages: Experiments in Bone Fracture with Archaeological Applications. en_GB
dc.type Thesis or dissertation en_GB
dc.date.available 2013-12-15T04:00:09Z
dc.contributor.advisor Alan, Outram en_US
dc.publisher.department Archaeology en_GB
dc.type.degreetitle PhD in Archaeology en_GB
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_GB
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_GB


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KarrL_fm.pdf 143.3Kb PDF View/Open Front Matter
KarrLVol1.pdf 257.5Mb PDF View/Open Full Text of Thesis (Vol 1)
KarrLVol2.pdf 64.39Mb PDF View/Open Full Text of Thesis (Vol 2)
KarrLVol1_tpc.pdf 196.6Mb PDF View/Open Full Text of Thesis (Vol1) - 3rd Party Copyright Images Removed
KarrLVol2_tpc.pdf 64.38Mb PDF View/Open Full Text of Thesis (Vol 2) - 3rd Party Copyright Images Removed

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