Phase-Resolved Ferromagnetic Resonance Studies of Thin Film Ferromagnets
Marcham, Max K.
Thesis or dissertation
University of Exeter
Precessional dynamics are exploited in the operation of high frequency magnetic devices such as magnetic disk drives, non reciprocal microwave devices and spin transfer oscillators. The trajectory of the precession and its damping are of crucial importance. This thesis presents the characterisation of a variety of magnetic thin film structures performed with a range of phase sensitive techniques. It is possible to obtain new insight by utilising the chemical and site specificity of X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism (XMCD) to isolate the precession in different chemical species or at distinct sites in the crystal structure of a chosen material. X-ray Ferromagnetic Resonance (XFMR) combines XMCD and Ferromagnetic Resonance (FMR) phenomena in a technique capable of measuring the FMR response of an alloy or multilayer with both chemical and site specificity. To complement the XFMR technique a low temperature Time-Resolved Magneto Optical Kerr Effect (TR-MOKE) setup has been developed. This allowed for the characterisation of samples at temperatures in the range 4 K to room temperature. A frequency swept Vector Network Analyser FMR (VNA-FMR) setup was developed to allow for a fast method for determining the resonance condition and damping of a range of ferromagnetic thin film samples. In addition a TR-X-ray Photoemission Electron Microscopy (TR-XPEEM) setup has been established which allows images to be obtained with magnetic contrast. The combination of the above techniques has lead to studies on rare earth capped spin valve free layers and the measurement of spin pumping in industrially relevant spin valves.
PhD in Physics