Identification of Change in a Dynamic Dot Pattern and its use in the Maintenance of Footprints
Dupenois, Maximillian Philip
Thesis or dissertation
University of Exeter
Reason for embargo
to publish papers using material taken from the thesis
Examples of spatio-temporal data that can be represented as sets of points (called dot patterns) are pervasive in many applications, for example when tracking herds of migrating animals, ships in busy shipping channels and crowds of people in everyday life. The use of this type of data extends beyond the standard remit of Geographic Information Science (GISc), as classification and optimisation problems can often be visualised in the same manner. A common task within these fields is the assignment of a region (called a footprint) that is representative of the underlying pattern. The ways in which this footprint can be generated has been the subject of much research with many algorithms having been produced. Much of this research has focused on the dot patterns and footprints as static entities, however for many of the applications the data is prone to change. This thesis proposes that the footprint need not necessarily be updated each time the dot pattern changes; that the footprint can remain an appropriate representation of the pattern if the amount of change is slight. To ascertain the appropriate times at which to update the footprint, and when to leave it as it is, this thesis introduces the concept of change identifiers as simple measures of change between two dot patterns. Underlying the change identifiers is an in-depth examination of the data inherent in the dot pattern and the creation of descriptors that represent this data. The experimentation performed by this thesis shows that change identifiers are able to distinguish between different types of change across dot patterns from different sources. In doing so the change identifiers reduce the number of updates of the footprint while maintaining a measurably good representation of the dot pattern.
M. Dupenois and A. Galton. Assigning footprints to dot sets: An analytical survey. In K. S. Hornsby, C. Claramunt, M. Denis, and G. Ligozat, editors, Spatial Information Theory: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference COSIT 2009, pages 227–244, Berlin, 2009. Springer.
PhD in Computer Science