Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought.
American Psychological Association
The author reviews research showing that repetitive thought (RT) can have constructive or unconstructive consequences. The main unconstructive consequences of RT are (a) depression, (b) anxiety, and (c) difficulties in physical health. The main constructive consequences of RT are (a) recovery from upsetting and traumatic events, (b) adaptive preparation and anticipatory planning, (c) recovery from depression, and (d) uptake of health-promoting behaviors. Several potential principles accounting for these distinct consequences of RT are identified within this review: (a) the valence of thought content, (b) the intrapersonal and situational context in which RT occurs, and (c) the level of construal (abstract vs. concrete processing) adopted during RT. Of the existing models of RT, it is proposed that an elaborated version of the control theory account provides the best theoretical framework to account for its distinct consequences.
addresses: Mood Disorders Centre, School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, UK. email@example.com
notes: PMCID: PMC2672052
types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
This is a postprint of an article published in Psychological Bulletin © 2008 copyright American Psychological Association. 'This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.' Psychological Bulletin is available online at: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/bul/index.aspx
Psychological Bulletin, 2008, Vol. 134, Issue 2, pp. 163 - 206
Place of publication