Ruminative self-focus and negative affect: an experience sampling study.
Moberly, Nicholas J.
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
American Psychological Association
The authors conducted an experience sampling study to investigate the relationship between momentary ruminative self-focus and negative affect. Ninety-three adults recorded these variables at quasi-random intervals 8 times daily for 1 week. Scores on questionnaire measures of dispositional rumination were associated with mean levels of momentary ruminative self-focus over the experience sampling week. Concurrently, momentary ruminative self-focus was positively associated with negative affect. Cross-lagged analyses revealed that whereas ruminative self-focus predicted negative affect at a subsequent occasion, negative affect also predicted ruminative self-focus at a subsequent occasion. Decomposition of the dispositional rumination measure suggested that brooding, but not reflective pondering, was associated with higher mean levels of negative affect. Though broadly consistent with Nolen-Hoeksema's (1991) response styles theory, these results suggest that a reciprocal relationship exists between ruminative self-focus and negative affect.
addresses: Mood Disorder Center, School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom.
notes: PMCID: PMC2672047
types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
This is a postprint of an article published in Journal of Abnormal Psychology © 2008 copyright American Psychological Association. 'This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.' Journal of Abnormal Psychology is available online at: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/abn/index.aspx
Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2008, Vol. 117, Issue 2, pp. 314 - 323
Place of publication