MAPK-directed activation of the whitefly transcription factor CREB leads to P450-mediated imidacloprid resistance
Yang, X; Deng, S; Wei, X; et al.Yang, J; Zhao, Q; Yin, C; Du, T; Guo, Z; Xia, J; Yang, Z; Xie, W; Wang, S; Wu, Q; Yang, F; Zhou, X; Nauen, R; Bass, C; Zhang, Y
Date: 23 April 2020
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Sciences
The evolution of insect resistance to pesticides poses a continuing threat to agriculture and human health. While much is known about the proximate molecular and biochemical mechanisms that confer resistance far less is known about the regulation of the specific genes/gene families involved, particularly by trans-acting factors ...
The evolution of insect resistance to pesticides poses a continuing threat to agriculture and human health. While much is known about the proximate molecular and biochemical mechanisms that confer resistance far less is known about the regulation of the specific genes/gene families involved, particularly by trans-acting factors such as signal-regulated transcription factors. Here we resolve in fine detail the trans-regulation of CYP6CM1, a cytochrome P450 that confers resistance to neonicotinoid insecticides in the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-directed activation of the transcription factor cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB). Reporter gene assays were used to identify the putative promoter of CYP6CM1, but no consistent polymorphisms were observed in the promoter of a resistant strain of B. tabaci (IMR), that overexpresses this gene, compared to a susceptible strain (IMS). Investigation of potential trans-acting factors using in vitro and in vivo assays demonstrated that the bZIP transcription factor CREB directly regulates CYP6CM1 expression by binding to a cAMP-response element (CRE)-like site in the promoter of this gene. CREB is overexpressed in the IMR strain and inhibitor, luciferase, and RNA interference assays revealed that a signaling pathway of MAPKs mediates the activation of CREB, and thus the increased expression of CYP6CM1, by phosphorylation-mediated signal transduction. Collectively, these results provide new mechanistic insights into the regulation of xenobiotic responses in insects, and implicate both the MAPK signaling pathway and a novel transcription factor in the development of pesticide resistance.
College of Life and Environmental Sciences
Item views 0
Full item downloads 0