Endocytosis and early endosome motility in filamentous fungi.
Current Opinion in Microbiology
This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Hyphal growth of filamentous fungi requires microtubule-based long-distance motility of early endosomes. Since the discovery of this process in Ustilago maydis, our understanding of its molecular basis and biological function has greatly advanced. Studies in U. maydis and Aspergillus nidulans reveal a complex interplay of the motor proteins kinesin-3 and dynein, which co-operate to support bi-directional motion of early endosomes. Genetic screening has shed light on the molecular mechanisms underpinning motor regulation, revealing Hook protein as general motor adapters on early endosomes. Recently, fascinating insight into unexpected roles for endosome motility has emerged. This includes septin filament formation and cellular distribution of the machinery for protein translation.
Open Access funded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Vol. 20, pp. 10 - 18