Molecular mechanisms of toxicity of silver nanoparticles in zebrafish embryos.
van Aerle, Ronny
Environmental Science & Technology
American Chemical Society
This is an open access article under the ACS AuthorChoice/ACS Editors’ Choice via Creative Commons CC-BY. http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/authorchoice/index.html#cc_by
Silver nanoparticles cause toxicity in exposed organisms and are an environmental health concern. The mechanisms of silver nanoparticle toxicity, however, remain unclear. We examined the effects of exposure to silver in nano-, bulk-, and ionic forms on zebrafish embryos (Danio rerio) using a Next Generation Sequencing approach in an Illumina platform (High-Throughput SuperSAGE). Significant alterations in gene expression were found for all treatments and many of the gene pathways affected, most notably those associated with oxidative phosphorylation and protein synthesis, overlapped strongly between the three treatments indicating similar mechanisms of toxicity for the three forms of silver studied. Changes in oxidative phosphorylation indicated a down-regulation of this pathway at 24 h of exposure, but with a recovery at 48 h. This finding was consistent with a dose-dependent decrease in oxygen consumption at 24 h, but not at 48 h, following exposure to silver ions. Overall, our data provide support for the hypothesis that the toxicity caused by silver nanoparticles is principally associated with bioavailable silver ions in exposed zebrafish embryos. These findings are important in the evaluation of the risk that silver particles may pose to exposed vertebrate organisms.
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
NERC Biomolecular Analysis Facility
UK Environment Agency
Systems Biology Seed fund, University of Exeter
addresses: Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Geoffrey Pope Building, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter, EX4 4QD, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
This is an open access article that is freely available in ORE or from the publisher's web site. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es401758d. Please cite the published version
© 2013 American Chemical Society
Supporting Information: Further details on the methodology and results for the characterization of the silver particles used for the exposures, mortality curves, sequencing analysis, and a number of supporting figures and tables. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.
Vol. 47, Issue 14, pp. 8005 - 8014
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