Extreme Mid-IR light control with SiC microstructures
Devarapu, Ganga Chinna Rao
Thesis or dissertation
University of Exeter
Reason for embargo
I intend to publish 3 research papers
In this thesis, we present our original theoretical investigations of SiC microstruc-tures for extreme light control in the Reststrahlen band of Silicon Carbide (SiC), that occurs in the Mid-IR spectral regime. In this frequency regime, most of the light will be reflected from bulk SiC, due to the extreme permittivity response of SiC. However, we demonstrate that it is possible to control light to be absorbed or ultra refracted within the microstructures constructed from SiC in the Reststrahlen band of SiC. In particular, we show that this high reflective behaviour of SiC can be over-come via different mechanisms: by achieving a Photonic Crystal (PC) band-edge reflectionless condition in a SiC terminated one-dimensional (1D)-PC, by tailoring the effective phonon-polariton gap in SiC-based effective metamaterials, or by cou-pling to cavity modes in SiC structures made of rectangular-cross-section pillars. Furthermore, we demonstrate that by varying the thickness of SiC layers and filling ratio throughout SiC 1D-PC structures or by using SiC pillars of different size in a pyramid arrangement, we can achieve a broad absorption bandwidth with the SiC microstructures. This absorption control provides insight for the design of efficient thermal emitters, which can be used in thermal conversion devices. Moreover, us-ing the concept of Bloch impedance, we find that translucent spectral regions can exist in SiC 1D-PCs. This possibility is highly desirable for constructing optical components in the Mid-IR spectrum where suitable bulk highly refractive materials are rare. In addition, we also present a complete theory of propagation in lossy 1D-PCs, by systematically extending the comprehensive theory for lossless 1D-PCs. Relying on this theory, we report superbending of light, beyond 90 0 in a judiciously designed superprism constructed with a SiC 1D-PC. Since, the findings reported in this thesis are in principle applicable to any polar material, we believe that our work will inspire the design of a variety of absorptive/emissive and ultra-refractive devices across the THz/Mid-IR spectrum.
College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences (CEMPS), University of Exeter
Chapter 3, Ganga Chinna Rao Devarapu and Stavroula Foteinopoulou, “Mid-IR near-perfect absorption with a SiC photonic crystal with angle controlled polariza-tion selectivity,” Opt. Express 20, 13040-13054 (2012).
Chapter 5, Ganga Chinna Rao Devarapu and Stavroula Foteinopoulou, “Compact photonic-crystal superabsorbers from strongly absorbing media,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 033504 (2013).
Chapter 6, Ganga Chinna Rao Devarapu and Stavroula Foteinopoulou, “Broadband Mid-IR superabsorption with aperiodic polaritonic photonic crystals,” J. Euro. Opt. Soc. Rap. Pub. 9, 14012 (2014).
PhD in Physics