Enhanced ductility and tensile properties of hybrid montmorillonite/cellulose nanowhiskers reinforced polylactic acid nanocomposites
Eichhorn, Stephen J.
Mohamad Haafiz, M.K.
Tanjung, Faisal Amri
Journal of Materials Science
Reason for embargo
Montmorillonite (MMT)/cellulose nanowhiskers (CNW) reinforced polylactic acid (PLA) hybrid nanocomposites were prepared by solution casting. CNW were isolated from microcrystalline cellulose using a chemical swelling method. An initial study showed that the optimum MMT content, for mechanical properties, in a PLA/MMT nanocomposite is five parts per hundred parts of polymer (phr). Various amounts of CNW were added to the optimum formulation of PLA/MMT to produce PLA/MMT/CNW hybrid nanocomposites. FT-IR analysis indicated the formation of some polar interactions, resulting in enhanced tensile properties of the hybrid nanocomposites. The highest tensile strength for the hybrid nanocomposites was obtained for a 1 phr CNW content. Young’s modulus was also found to increase with an increasing CNW content. Interestingly, the strain to failure (or ductility) of the hybrid nanocomposites increased significantly from ~10 to ~90 % with the addition of 1 phr CNW. This increase in ductility was proposed to be due to the nucleation of crazes and the formation of shear bands in the PLA.
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) and Research University
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10853-015-8873-8
Vol. 50 (8), pp. 3118 - 3130
05H22, sub-code: Q.J130000.2509.05H22