The membrane remodeling protein Pex11p activates the GTPase Dnm1p during peroxisomal fission.
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van der Klei, IJ
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Sciences
The initial phase of peroxisomal fission requires the peroxisomal membrane protein Peroxin 11 (Pex11p), which remodels the membrane, resulting in organelle elongation. Here, we identify an additional function for Pex11p, demonstrating that Pex11p also plays a crucial role in the final step of peroxisomal fission: dynamin-like protein (DLP)-mediated membrane scission. First, we demonstrate that yeast Pex11p is necessary for the function of the GTPase Dynamin-related 1 (Dnm1p) in vivo. In addition, our data indicate that Pex11p physically interacts with Dnm1p and that inhibiting this interaction compromises peroxisomal fission. Finally, we demonstrate that Pex11p functions as a GTPase activating protein (GAP) for Dnm1p in vitro. Similar observations were made for mammalian Pex11β and the corresponding DLP Drp1, indicating that DLP activation by Pex11p is conserved. Our work identifies a previously unknown requirement for a GAP in DLP function.
Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
European Union Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship
Kluyver Centre for Genomics of Industrial Fermentation
Wellcome Trust Institutional Strategic Support Award
Marie Curie Initial Training Networks Action PerFuMe
Freely available online through the PNAS open access option, http://www.pnas.org/content/112/20/6377.long
Copyright © 2015 National Academy of Sciences
Vol. 112, No. 20, pp. 6377 - 6382
Place of publication