Negative linear compressibility in common materials
Evans, Kenneth E.
Applied Physics Letters
American Institute of Physics
Negative linear compressibility (NLC) is still considered an exotic property, only observed in a few obscure crystals. The vast majority of materials compress axially in all directions when loaded in hydrostatic compression. However a few materials have been observed which expand in one or two directions under hydrostatic compression. At present, the list of materials demonstrating this unusual behaviour is confined to a small number of relatively rare crystal phases, biological materials and designed structures, and the lack of widespread availability hinders promising technological applications. Using improved representations of elastic properties, this study revisits existing databases of elastic constants and identifies several crystals missed by previous reviews. More importantly, several common materials –drawn polymers, certain types of paper and wood, and carbon fibre laminates– are found to display NLC. We show that NLC in these materials originates from the misalignment of polymers/fibres. Using a beam model we propose that maximum NLC is obtained for misalignment of 26º. The existence of such widely available materials increases significantly the prospects for applications of NLC.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Copyright © 2015 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Applied Physics Letters, Volume 106 (23), article 231903, and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4922460
Vol. 106 (23), article 231903