Balancing of parallel U-shaped assembly lines
Zhang, David Z.
Computers & Operations Research
This version is made available online in accordance with publisher policies. To see the final version of this paper, please visit the publisher’s website (a subscription may be required to access the full text). Before reusing this item please check the rights under which it has been made available. Some items are restricted to non-commercial use. Please cite the published version where applicable. Accepted manuscript: © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Reason for embargo
A new hybrid assembly line design, called Parallel U-shaped Assembly Line system, is introduced and characterised along with numerical examples for the first time. Different from existing studies on U-shaped lines, we combine the advantages of two individual line configurations (namely parallel lines and U-shaped lines) and create an opportunity for assigning tasks to multi-line workstations located in between two adjacent U-shaped lines with the aim of maximising resource utilisation. Utilisation of crossover workstations, in which tasks from opposite areas of a same U-shaped line can be performed, is also one of the main advantages of the U-shaped lines. As in traditional U-shaped line configurations, the newly proposed line configuration also supports the utilisation of crossover workstations. An efficient heuristic algorithm is developed to find well-balanced solutions for the proposed line configurations. Test cases derived from existing studies and modified in accordance with the proposed system in this study are solved using the proposed heuristic algorithm. The comparison of results obtained when the lines are balanced independently and when the lines are balanced together (in parallel to each other) clearly indicates that the parallelisation of U-shaped lines helps decrease the need for workforce significantly.
Turkish Council of Higher Education
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier. This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication in Computers & Operations Research (doi: 10.1016/j.cor.2015.05.014). As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting galley proof before it is published in its final citable form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain. Please cite this article as: Ibrahim Kucukkoc, David Z. Zhang, Balancing of parallel U-shaped assembly Lines, Computers & Operations Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cor.2015.05.014
Vol. 64, pp. 233-244