Inkjet printed TiO2 nanoparticles from aqueous solutions for dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)
Hughes, Darren J.
This work reports on the formulation of suitable ink for inkjet printing of TiO2 by investigating the critical parame- ters of particle size, pH, viscosity, and stability. Aqueous sus- pensions of TiO2 nanoparticles (Degussa, P25) were pre- pared with the addition of 25 wt % polyethylene glycol 400 as a humectant to minimize drying at the printer nozzles and reduce the likelihood of nozzle blockage. The inkjet-printed TiO2 layers were assembled into dye-sensitized solar cells. The current–voltage (I–V) characteristics were measured under one sun (air mass 1.5, 100 mW cm 2) using a source meter (Model 2400, Keithley Instrument, Inc.), and the active area of the cell was 0.25 cm2. The inkjet-printed TiO2 photoanode produced a device with a short-circuit current (Isc) of 9.42 mA cm 2, an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.76 V, and a fill factor (FF) of 0.49, resulting in a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 3.50 %.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
This is the accepted version of the following article: Cherrington, R., Hughes, D. J., Senthilarasu, S. and Goodship, V. (2015), Inkjet-Printed TiO2 Nanoparticles from Aqueous Solutions for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs). Energy Technology., which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ente.201500096
Volume 3, Issue 8, pp. 866–870,