D-π-A System Based on Zinc Porphyrin Dyes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: Combined Experimental and DFT-TDDFT Study
Naraa, Vamsi K.
Singh, Varun K.
Tahir, Asif A.
Mallick, Tapas K.
Upadhyaya, Hari M.
Reason for embargo
A series of four new porphyrin-furan dyads were designed and synthesized by having anchoring group either at meso-phenyl or pyrrole-β position of a zinc porphyrin based on donor-π-acceptor (D-π-A) approach. The porphyrin macrocycle acts as donor, furan hertero cycle acts as π-spacer and either cyanoacetic acid or malonic acid group acts as acceptor. These dyads were fully characterized by UV-Visible, 1H NMR, MALDI-MS and fluorescence spectroscopies and cyclic voltammetry. Both of the observed and TD-DFT simulated UV-vis spectra has strong correllation which validate and confirm the synthesiszed dyads and theoretical method for this type of compounds. Both soret and Q-bands are red shifted in the case of pyrrole-β substituted dyads. The redox potentials of all four dyads are not altered in comparison with their individual constituents. The dyads were tested in dye sensitized solar cells and found pyrrole-β substituted zinc porphyrins are showing better performance in comparison with the corresponding meso-phenyl dyads. Optical band gap, Natural bonding, and Molecular bonding orbital (HOMO-LUMO) analysis are in favour of pyrrole-β substituted zinc porphyrins contrast to meso-phenyl dyads.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
This the author version of an article accepted for publication in Polyhedron.
Volume 100, pp. 313-320