An in vitro comparison of the effects of the iron-chelating agents, CP94 and dexrazoxane, on protoporphyrin IX accumulation for photodynamic therapy and/or fluorescence guided resection.
Photochemistry and Photobiology
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) utilizes the combined interaction of a photosensitizer, light and molecular oxygen to ablate tumor tissue. Maximizing the accumulation of the photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) within different cell types would be clinically useful. Dermatological PpIX-induced PDT regimes produce good clinical outcomes but this currently only applies when the lesion remains superficial. Also, as an adjuvant therapy for the treatment of primary brain tumors, fluorescence guided resection (FGR) and PDT can be used to highlight and destroy tumor cells unreachable by surgical resection. By employing iron chelators PpIX accumulation can be enhanced. Two iron-chelating agents, 1,2-diethyl-3-hydroxypyridin-4-one hydrochloride (CP94) and dexrazoxane, were individually combined with the porphyrin precursors aminolevulinic acid (ALA), methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) and hexyl aminolevulinate (HAL). Efficacies of the iron-chelating agents were compared by recording the PpIX fluorescence in human squamous epithelial carcinoma cells (A431) and human glioma cells (U-87 MG) every hour for up to 6 h. Coincubation of ALA/MAL/HAL with CP94 resulted in a greater accumulation of PpIX compared to that produced by coincubation of these congeners with dexrazoxane. Therefore the clinical employment of iron chelation, particularly with CP94 could potentially increase and/or accelerate the accumulation of ALA/MAL/HAL-induced PpIX for PDT or FGR.
"This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:Photochemistry and Photobiology, Volume 87, Issue 6, pages 1419–1426, November/December 2011, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1111/j.1751-1097.2011.00985.x/full. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
Vol. 87, pp. 1419 - 1426
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