Enhancement of 5-aminolaevulinic acid-induced photodynamic therapy in normal rat colon using hydroxypyridinone iron-chelating agents.
British Journal of Cancer
Cancer Research UK
Article available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike License
Currently, the clinical use of 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA)-induced protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) for photodynamic therapy (PDT) is limited by the maximum tolerated oral ALA dose (60 mg kg(-1)). This study investigates whether hydroxypyridinone iron-chelating agents can be used to enhance the tissue levels of PPIX, without increasing the administered dose of ALA. Quantitative charge-coupled device (CCD) fluorescence microscopy was employed to study PPIX fluorescence pharmacokinetics in the colon of normal Wistar rats. The iron chelator, CP94, when administered with ALA was found to produce double the PPIX fluorescence in the colonic mucosa, compared with the same dose of ALA given alone and to be more effective than the other iron chelator studied, CP20. Microspectrofluorimetric studies demonstrated that PPIX was the predominant porphyrin species present. PDT studies conducted on the colonic mucosa showed that the simultaneous administration of 100 mg kg(-1) CP94 i.v. and 50 mg kg(-1) ALA i.v. produced an area of necrosis three times larger than similar parameters without the iron-chelating agent with the same light dose. It is possible, therefore, to increase the amount of necrosis produced by ALA-induced PDT substantially, without increasing the administered dose of ALA, through the simultaneous administration of the iron-chelating agent, CP94.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.
© Cancer Research Campaign 1998
Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version.
Vol. 78, pp. 1278 - 1282
PubMed Central ID