Measuring and modelling the thermal performance of the Tamar Suspension Bridge using a wireless sensor network
de Battista, N
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering
Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Copyright © 2014 Taylor & Francis. “This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Structure and Infrastructure Engineering on 23 January 2014, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15732479.2013.862727."
A study on the thermal performance of the Tamar Suspension Bridge deck in Plymouth, UK, is presented in this paper. Ambient air, suspension cable, deck and truss temperatures were acquired using a wired sensor system. Deck extension data were acquired using a two-hop wireless sensor network. Empirical models relating the deck extension to various combinations of temperatures were derived and compared. The most accurate model, which used all the four temperature variables, predicted the deck extension with an accuracy of 99.4%. Time delays ranging from 10 to 66 min were identified between the daily cycles of the air temperature and of the structural temperatures and deck extension. However, accounting for these delays in the temperature–extension models did not improve the models' prediction accuracy. The results of this study suggest that bridge design recommendations are based on overly simplistic assumptions which could result in significant errors in the estimated deck movement, especially for temperature extremes. These findings aim to help engineers better understand the important aspect of thermal performance of steel bridges. This paper also presents a concise study on the effective use of off-the-shelf wireless technology to support structural health monitoring of bridges.
Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) in Singapore
University of Sheffield, UK
Vol. 11, Iss.2, pp. 176 - 193