Exploration of how light interacts with arrays of plasmonic, metallic nanoparticles
Humphrey, Alastair D.
Thesis or dissertation
University of Exeter
Reason for embargo
Unpublished work in Chapter 6 is currently under review for publication in ACS Photonics.
The content of this thesis is based upon the interaction of light with metallic nanoparticles arranged in different array geometries. An incident electric field (light) can force the conduction electrons of a metallic nanoparticle to oscillate. At particular frequencies, in the optical regime for gold and silver particles, absorption and scattering of the light by the particle is enhanced, corresponding to the particle plasmon resonance. The spectral position and width of the particle plasmon resonance of an isolated single particle may be tuned by adjusting its size and shape, thus changing the surface charge distribution. Periodic arrays of particles offer additional control over the frequency and width of the resonance attributed to the re-radiating (scattering) property of plasmonic particles. By fabricating arrays with a pitch comparable to the wavelength of an isolated single particle plasmon resonance, a coherent interaction between particles may be produced, known as surface lattice resonances (SLRs). The electromagnetic coupling between in-plane particle plasmon modes for different particle array geometries is explored through experiment and theory. Firstly, SLRs in square, hexagonal and honeycomb arrays are investigated by normal-incidence extinction measurements and compared to a simple-coupled dipole model. Secondly, to verify the nature of the coupling between the scattered electric field associated with particle resonances, the incident electric field polarization-dependence of the extinction of rectangular arrays and chains is studied. Thirdly, the optical response of square arrays with a symmetric two-particle basis is investigated, particularly the retardation of the scattered electric field between particles in a pair. Fourthly, square arrays with an asymmetric two-particle basis are fabricated to explore the symmetric (dipole moments of both particles are parallel) and anti-symmetric (dipole moment of both particles anti-parallel) SLRs, excited by normal-incidence light.
PhD in Physics
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