Effect of relative amplitude on bridge deck flutter
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
© 2004. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Self-excited wind forces on a bridge deck can be non-linear even when the vibration amplitude of the body is small. This phenomenon is evaluated in this paper. Experiments detecting the nonlinearity are performed first, with the concept of “relative amplitude”, i.e. the amplitude of the externally triggered free vibration relative to the envelope of the ambient response of an elastically supported rigid sectional model. Two types of sectional model, a twin-deck bluff model (model A) and a partially streamlined box girder model (model B) are tested with two extreme cases of relative amplitude. Based on the flutter derivatives of model B, a flutter boundary prediction is subsequently carried out on a cable-supported bridge to manifest the changes of critical flutter wind velocity due to different relative amplitudes. The effect of relative amplitude on flutter derivatives and on the flutter boundary reveals, from the structural point of view, a complex relationship between the self-excited forces and the “structural vibration noise” due to turbulence that is inherent in the interaction of the ambient wind with the structure. Although the aeroelastic forces are linear when the body motion due to an external trigger is not affected significantly by this turbulence, they are postulated to be nonlinear when this “vibration noise” cannot be neglected.
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 2004, Vol. 92, Issue 6, pp. 493 - 508