Correlating measured and simulated dynamic responses of a tall building to long-distance earthquakes
Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics
© 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
For almost a decade, a 66-storey, 280m tall building in Singapore has been instrumented to monitor its dynamic responses to wind and seismic excitations. The dynamic characteristics of the tall building have been investigated via both the finite element method and the experimental modal analysis. The properties of the finite element model have been shown to correlate well with those derived from the data recorded during the ambient vibration tests. During the study period, 21 sets of earthquake ground motions have been recorded at the building site. The basement motions may be divided into three categories based on their predominant frequency components with respect to the building's fundamental frequency. The calibrated three-dimensional finite element model is employed to simulate the seismic response of the tall building. Correlation analysis of the time histories between the recorded data and the simulated results has been carried out. The correlation analysis results show that the simulated dynamic response time histories match well with those of the recorded dynamic responses at the roof level. The results also show that the simulated maximum response at the roof level is close to the peak response recorded during the earthquakes.
This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eqe.366/abstract. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, 2004, Vol. 33, Issue 5, pp. 611 - 632