The role of reperfusion injury in photodynamic therapy with 5-aminolaevulinic acid--a study on normal rat colon.
British Journal of Cancer
Cancer Research UK
Copyright © 2002 Cancer Research UK. This is an open access article. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
Reperfusion injury can occur when blood flow is restored after a transient period of ischaemia. The resulting cascade of reactive oxygen species damages tissue. This mechanism may contribute to the tissue damage produced by 5-aminolaevulinic acid-induced photodynamic therapy, if this treatment temporarily depletes oxygen in an area that is subsequently reoxygenated. This was investigated in the normal colon of female Wistar rats. All animals received 200 mg kg(-1) 5-aminolaevulinic acid intravenously 2 h prior to 25 J (100 mW) of 628 nm light, which was delivered continuously or fractionated (5 J/150 second dark interval/20 J). Animals were recovered following surgery, killed 3 days later and the photodynamic therapy lesion measured macroscopically. The effects of reperfusion injury were removed from the experiments either through the administration of free radical scavengers (superoxide dismutase (10 mg kg(-1)) and catalase (7.5 mg kg(-1)) in combination) or allopurinol (an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase (50 mg kg(-1))). Prior administration of the free radical scavengers and allopurinol abolished the macroscopic damage produced by 5-aminolaevulinic acid photodynamic therapy in this model, regardless of the light regime employed. As the specific inhibitor of xanthine oxidase (allopurinol) protected against photodynamic therapy damage, it is concluded that reperfusion injury is involved in the mechanism of photodynamic therapy in the rat colon.
Histopathology Unit of Cancer Research UK, London
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Vol. 86, pp. 989 - 992
Place of publication