Ambient vibration survey of the Bosporus Suspension Bridge
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
© 1989 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Traffic and wind excitation has been used to obtain the dynamic characteristics of the first Bosporus (Bogazici) Suspension Bridge. Structural symmetry and the absence of suspended side-spans allowed attention to be focused on the main span and the Asian tower. For the main span, 18 vertical and 20 lateral modes were obtained, including torsional modes. For the tower, 12 longitudinal and 12 lateral modes were identified. All these models lie in the range 0–1-1 Hz. A detailed comparison is given between these modes and corresponding calculated modes, obtained by use of a three-dimensional finite element model which includes a geometric stiffness matrix. Of particular interest is the validity of the theoretical model used for the box-deck, because of its subsequent use in response studies of asynchronous seismic excitation. Comparison with a more limited study made in 1973 shows that the bridge continues to behave as it was designed to behave, particularly with regard to the deck-tower interface. From natural frequency measurements of two hangers, the load which they carry was assessed.
This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at DOI 10.1002/eqe.4290180210. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 1989, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 263 - 283