Why aren’t signals of female quality more common?
Hosken, David J
Copyright © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier Masson via the DOI in this record.
Reason for embargo
Highlights In most species females are less ornamented than males. We suggest a novel reason for this pattern. If females signal their sexual quality, they may suffer increased sexual harassment. Ornaments could therefore be especially costly for females.
We thank the Editor and the anonymous referees for helpful comments and the Leverhulme Trust, NERC and the Royal Society for funding.
Vol. 114, April 2016, pp. 199–201