Using satellite tracking to optimize protection of long-lived marine species: olive ridley sea turtle conservation in Central Africa.
Public Library of Science
This is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Public Library of Science via http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019905.
Tractable conservation measures for long-lived species require the intersection between protection of biologically relevant life history stages and a socioeconomically feasible setting. To protect breeding adults, we require knowledge of animal movements, how movement relates to political boundaries, and our confidence in spatial analyses of movement. We used satellite tracking and a switching state-space model to determine the internesting movements of olive ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) (n = 18) in Central Africa during two breeding seasons (2007-08, 2008-09). These movements were analyzed in relation to current park boundaries and a proposed transboundary park between Gabon and the Republic of Congo, both created to reduce unintentional bycatch of sea turtles in marine fisheries. We additionally determined confidence intervals surrounding home range calculations. Turtles remained largely within a 30 km radius from the original nesting site before departing for distant foraging grounds. Only 44.6 percent of high-density areas were found within the current park but the proposed transboundary park would incorporate 97.6 percent of high-density areas. Though tagged individuals originated in Gabon, turtles were found in Congolese waters during greater than half of the internesting period (53.7 percent), highlighting the need for international cooperation and offering scientific support for a proposed transboundary park. This is the first comprehensive study on the internesting movements of solitary nesting olive ridley sea turtles, and it suggests the opportunity for tractable conservation measures for female nesting olive ridleys at this and other solitary nesting sites around the world. We draw from our results a framework for cost-effective protection of long-lived species using satellite telemetry as a primary tool.
This work was supported by the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund (STO-08-01) and the Tagging of Pacific Predators Project, with additional support from the Darwin Initiative, Center for the Dynamics and Evolution of the Land-Sea Interface, Friends of Long Marine Laboratory, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, the Marilyn Davis Memorial Scholarship, the UCSC Graduate Student Association, Square's Landscaping and Kitchen Gardens, Inc. SMM was supported by fellowships from the National Science Foundation, University of California Santa Cruz, Achievement Awards for College Scientists and Steve Blank. Sea turtle nest monitoring in Gabon was coordinated through the Gabon Sea Turtle Partnership, with funding from the Marine Turtle Conservation Fund (United States Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Vol. 6, Iss. 5, pp. e19905
Place of publication