My country or my planet? Exploring the influence of multiple place attachments and ideological beliefs upon climate change attitudes and opinions
Global Environmental Change
Research on people-place relations, specifically place attachment and place identity, is beginning to make an important contribution to understanding human responses to climate change. However, to date there has been a dearth of research on how place attachments at multiple scales, particularly the global, and individual level ideological beliefs combine to influence climate change attitudes and opinions. To address these gaps, survey data was collected from a representative sample of Australian citizens (. N=. 1147), capturing attachments at neighbourhood, city/town, state/territory, country and global scales, as well as a range of climate change belief and individual difference measures. Results show the importance of the interplay between national and global place attachments. Individuals expressing stronger global than national attachments were more likely to attribute climate change to anthropogenic causes, to oppose hierarchy-enhancing myths that legitimize climate inaction, and to perceive positive economic impacts arising from climate change responses, in comparison to individuals indicating stronger national over global place attachments. Individuals with stronger global than national attachments were more likely to be female, younger, and self-identify as having no religion, to be more likely to vote Green and to be characterized by significantly lower levels of right wing authoritarian and social dominance beliefs. Right wing authoritarian and social dominance beliefs mediated the effects of place attachments upon climate change skepticism. Explanations for the findings and implications for future research are discussed.
This study was funded by the Climate Adaptation Flagship of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia. Patrick Devine-Wright received a Distinguished Visiting Scientist award from CSIRO, which enabled this collaboration to take place. The authors would like to thank Iain Walker for helpful comments on a draft, as well as peer reviewers.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 30, pp. 68 - 79