Spray deposited copper zinc tin sulphide (Cu2ZnSnS4) film as a counter electrode in dye sensitized solar cells.
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Royal Society of Chemistry
Stoichiometric thin films of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) were deposited by the spray technique on a FTO coated glass substrate, with post-annealing in a H2S environment to improve the film properties. CZTS films were used as a counter electrode (CE) in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSCs) with N719 dye and an iodine electrolyte. The DSC of 0.25 cm(2) area using a CE of CZTS film annealed in a H2S environment under AM 1.5G illumination (100 mW cm(-2)) exhibited a short circuit current density (JSC) = 18.63 mA cm(-2), an open circuit voltage (VOC) = 0.65 V and a fill factor (FF) = 0.53, resulting in an overall power conversion efficiency (PCE) = 6.4%. While the DSC using as deposited CZTS film as a CE showed the PCE = 3.7% with JSC = 13.38 mA cm(-2), VOC = 0.57 V and FF = 0.48. Thus, the spray deposited CZTS films can play an important role as a CE in the large area DSC fabrication.
The work presented in this paper was done under the Department of Science and Technology (DST)–Research Council UK (RCUK) project “Advancing the efficiency and production potential of excitonic solar cells”. Sanjay Kumar Swami acknowledges Ministry of National Renewable Energy (MNRE), New Delhi, India for providing the financial assistantship. Mr. Firoz Alam is also thanks for helping in initial impedance measurements.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from the Royal Society of Chemistry via the DOI in this record.
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2014, Vol. 16, 23993 - 23999
Place of publication