Sign Spotting using Hierarchical Sequential Patterns with Temporal Intervals
Proceeedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR’2014)
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) via the DOI in this record.
This paper tackles the problem of spotting a set of signs occuring in videos with sequences of signs. To achieve this, we propose to model the spatio-temporal signatures of a sign using an extension of sequential patterns that contain temporal intervals called Sequential Interval Patterns (SIP). We then propose a novel multi-class classifier that organises different sequential interval patterns in a hierarchical tree structure called a Hierarchical SIP Tree (HSP-Tree). This allows one to exploit any subsequence sharing that exists between different SIPs of different classes. Multiple trees are then combined together into a forest of HSP-Trees resulting in a strong classifier that can be used to spot signs. We then show how the HSP-Forest can be used to spot sequences of signs that occur in an input video. We have evaluated the method on both concatenated sequences of isolated signs and continuous sign sequences. We also show that the proposed method is superior in robustness and accuracy to a state of the art sign recogniser when applied to spotting a sequence of signs.
This work was funded by the UK government.
23-28 June 2014, pp. 1931 - 1938