Photoelectrochemical properties of texture-controlled nanostructured α-Fe2O3 thin films prepared by AACVD
Physica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters
This work was supported by the EPSRC award EP/F057342/1 and MOHE award FRGS/2/2013/TK06/UKM/03/1.
Nanostructured α-Fe2O3 thin film electrodes were deposited by aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting on conducting glass substrates using 0.1 M methanolic solution of Fe(acac)3. The XRD analysis confirmed that the films are highly crystalline α-Fe2O3 and free from other iron oxide phases. The highly reproducible electrodes have an optical bandgap of ~2.15 eV and exhibit anodic photocurrent. The current-voltage characterization of the electrodes reveals that the photocurrent density strongly depended on the film morphology and deposition temperature. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis showed a change in the surface morphology with the change in deposition temperature. The films deposited at 450 °C have nanoporous structures which provide a maximum electrode/electrolyte interface. The maximum photocurrent density of 455 μA/cm2 was achieved at 0.25 V vs. Ag/AgCl/3M KCl (~1.23 V vs. RHE) and the incident photon to electron conversion efficiency (IPCE) was 23.6% at 350 nm for the electrode deposited at 450 °C.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from the publisher via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 8, pp. 976 - 981