Structural and Psycho-Social Limits to Climate Change Adaptation in the Great Barrier Reef Region.
Public Library of Science
This is the final version of the article. Available from PLoS via the DOI in this record.
Adaptation, as a strategy to respond to climate change, has limits: there are conditions under which adaptation strategies fail to alleviate impacts from climate change. Research has primarily focused on identifying absolute bio-physical limits. This paper contributes empirical insight to an emerging literature on the social limits to adaptation. Such limits arise from the ways in which societies perceive, experience and respond to climate change. Using qualitative data from multi-stakeholder workshops and key-informant interviews with representatives of the fisheries and tourism sectors of the Great Barrier Reef region, we identify psycho-social and structural limits associated with key adaptation strategies, and examine how these are perceived as more or less absolute across levels of organisation. We find that actors experience social limits to adaptation when: i) the effort of pursuing a strategy exceeds the benefits of desired adaptation outcomes; ii) the particular strategy does not address the actual source of vulnerability, and; iii) the benefits derived from adaptation are undermined by external factors. We also find that social limits are not necessarily more absolute at higher levels of organisation: respondents perceived considerable opportunities to address some psycho-social limits at the national-international interface, while they considered some social limits at the local and regional levels to be effectively absolute.
Australian National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (no grant number) funded a project on limits to climate change adaptation. The project on the Great Barrier Reef was one component. WNA acknowledges support from the HELIX (High-End Climate Impacts and Extremes) project funded by the European Union. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
PLoS One, 2016, Vol. 11 (3), e0150575