A multiple hashing approach to complete identification of missing RFID tags
IEEE Transactions on Communications
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) via the DOI in this record.
Owing to its superior properties, such as fast identification and relatively long interrogating range over barcode systems, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology has promising application prospects in inventory management. This paper studies the problem of complete identification of missing RFID tag, which is important in practice. Time efficiency is the key performance metric of missing tag identification. However, the existing protocols are ineffective in terms of execution time and can hardly satisfy the requirements of real-time applications. In this paper, a Multi-hashing based Missing Tag Identification (MMTI) protocol is proposed, which achieves better time efficiency by improving the utilization of the time frame used for identification. Specifically, the reader recursively sends bitmaps that reflect the current slot occupation state to guide the slot selection of the next hashing process, thereby changing more empty or collision slots to the expected singleton slots. We investigate the optimal parameter settings to maximize the performance of the MMTI protocol. Furthermore, we discuss the case of channel error and propose the countermeasures to make the MMTI workable in the scenarios with imperfect communication channels. Extensive simulation experiments are conducted to evaluate the performance of MMTI, and the results demonstrate that this new protocol significantly outperforms other related protocols reported in the current literature. © 2014 IEEE.
This work was supported by NSFC (Grant No.s 60973117, 61173160, 61173162, 60903154, and 61321491), New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET) of Ministry of Education of China, the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (Grant No. 61225010), and the Project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation.
Vol. 62, Iss. 3, pp. 1046 - 1057