Plant ER geometry and dynamics: biophysical and cytoskeletal control during growth and biotic response.
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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an intricate and dynamic network of membrane tubules and cisternae. In plant cells, the ER 'web' pervades the cortex and endoplasm and is continuous with adjacent cells as it passes through plasmodesmata. It is therefore the largest membranous organelle in plant cells. It performs essential functions including protein and lipid synthesis, and its morphology and movement are linked to cellular function. An emerging trend is that organelles can no longer be seen as discrete membrane-bound compartments, since they can physically interact and 'communicate' with one another. The ER may form a connecting central role in this process. This review tackles our current understanding and quantification of ER dynamics and how these change under a variety of biotic and developmental cues.
IS, RW and CL are funded by a Leverhulme Trust grant (RPG-2015-106) and CP by a Sainsbury studentship. LG is funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation for the lattice light sheet microscopy and by the Biology Department, Texas A&M University. L. Griffing would like to thank John Heddleston and Teng-Leong Chew at the Advanced Imaging Center in Janelia-HHMI Research Campus, Ashburn VA, for images taken with the light sheet microscope.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Springer via the DOI in this record.