Peroxisomes, lipid droplets, and endoplasmic reticulum "hitchhike" on motile early endosomes
Journal of Cell Biology
Rockefeller University Press
© 2015 Guimaraes et al. This article is distributed under the terms of an Attribution– Noncommercial–Share Alike–No Mirror Sites license for the first six months after the publication date (see http://www.rupress.org/terms). After six months it is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported license, as described at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/).
Intracellular transport is mediated by molecular motors that bind cargo to be transported along the cytoskeleton. Here, we report, for the first time, that peroxisomes (POs), lipid droplets (LDs), and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) rely on early endosomes (EEs) for intracellular movement in a fungal model system. We show that POs undergo kinesin-3- and dynein-dependent transport along microtubules. Surprisingly, kinesin-3 does not colocalize with POs. Instead, the motor moves EEs that drag the POs through the cell. PO motility is abolished when EE motility is blocked in various mutants. Most LD and ER motility also depends on EE motility, whereas mitochondria move independently of EEs. Covisualization studies show that EE-mediated ER motility is not required for PO or LD movement, suggesting that the organelles interact with EEs independently. In the absence of EE motility, POs and LDs cluster at the growing tip, whereas ER is partially retracted to subapical regions. Collectively, our results show that moving EEs interact transiently with other organelles, thereby mediating their directed transport and distribution in the cell.
This work was supported by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology and FEDER/COMPETE (SFRH/BD/73532/2010 to S.C. Guimaraes) and CRUP/Treaty of Windsor (ACÇÕES INTEGRAD AS 2009, B-33/09 to G. Steinberg and M. Schuster). G. Steinberg acknowledges support from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Counci
This is the final version of the article. Available from the publisher via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 211, pp. 945 - 954
PubMed Central ID
Place of publication