Nonverbal behavior during face-to-face social interaction in schizophrenia: a review.
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins via the DOI in this record.
Patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia display social cognitive deficits. However, little is known about patients' nonverbal communication during their social encounters with others. This review identified 17 studies investigating nonverbal communication in patients' unscripted face-to-face interactions, addressing a) nonverbal differences between patients and others, b) nonverbal behavior of the patients' partners, c) the association between nonverbal behavior and symptoms, and d) the association between nonverbal behavior and social outcomes. Patients displayed fewer nonverbal behaviors inviting interaction, with negative symptoms exacerbating this pattern. Positive symptoms were associated with heightened nonverbal behavior. Patients' partners changed their own nonverbal behavior in response to the patient. Reduced prosocial behaviors, inviting interaction, were associated with poorer social outcomes. The evidence suggests that patients' nonverbal behavior, during face-to-face interaction, is influenced by patients symptoms and impacts the success of their social interactions.
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Vol. 202, Iss. 1, pp. 47 - 54
Place of publication