Trace element mobility in a polluted marine sediment after stabilisation with hydraulic binders
E. van Veen
Marine Pollution Bulletin
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
Reason for embargo
The management of dredged marine sediment is an issue for many harbours, particularly when contaminant concentrations prevent disposal at sea. The stabilisation/solidification of the sediments with hydraulic binders for a use in road subgrade layer is a potential alternative solution. However, the environmental acceptability is not yet fully established. This paper presents the results of a case study to comprehensively determine the stabilisation of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn. After demonstrating that stabilisation/solidification affects the microstructure of the sediment, a mobility study is realised (single, sequential and kinetic extractions). According to the regulatory/ technical guidelines the studied elements do not pose a risk to the environment. However, results from more complex mobility studies reveal that stabilisation in the short term is only effective for Ni while other elements are mobilised after treatment by at least one type of extraction. Stabilisation in the long term is not universally effective.
The authors thank the LASEM (Laboratoire d'Analyses de Surveillance et d'Expertise de la Marine) of Cherbourg for the dredging operation in the military port; Lhoist and Lafarge for their technical and scientifical supports; Europe, European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), Interreg IVA and Regional Council of Basse-Normandie for their financial support to the SETARMS project.