Evolutionary Ecology of Prokaryotic Immune Mechanisms.
van Houte, S
Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
American Society for Microbiology
This is the final version of the article. Available from American Society for Microbiology via the DOI in this record.
Bacteria have a range of distinct immune strategies that provide protection against bacteriophage (phage) infections. While much has been learned about the mechanism of action of these defense strategies, it is less clear why such diversity in defense strategies has evolved. In this review, we discuss the short- and long-term costs and benefits of the different resistance strategies and, hence, the ecological conditions that are likely to favor the different strategies alone and in combination. Finally, we discuss some of the broader consequences, beyond resistance to phage and other genetic elements, resulting from the operation of different immune strategies.
S.V.H. received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 660039. We also acknowledge the NERC, the BBSRC, the Royal Society, the Leverhulme Trust, the Wellcome Trust, and the AXA research fund for funding.
Vol. 80, No. 3, pp. 745 - 763
Place of publication