Control and Instrumentation Topologies for an Integrated Wave Energy Array
Control and Instrumentation (C&I) systems provide the framework for monitoring critical data streams and implementing control functions during the operation of a wave energy converter. However, cost and power constraints of wave energy converters present a challenge in designing a C&I architecture that is appropriate for the application. This study describes the design of a C&I system for an integrated wave en-ergy array. A specification is first developed by defining operational requirements and design principles, measurement and control priorities are then identified, incorporating a failure mode and effects analysis. Available instrumentation options in the industry are reviewed and C&I topologies are presented. A distribut-ed control system is proposed for the Albatern WaveNET Array, allowing for the implementation of control and protection strategies and condition monitoring. Improved C&I allows for the reduction of unplanned maintenance, maximising device availability for energy production.
The author would like to thank the industrial and academic supervisors, in addition to many industrial representatives whom provided valuable input to this paper. The support of the ETI and RCUK Energy Programme funding for IDCORE (EP/J500847/1) is gratefully acknowledged.
Renew 2016: 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energies Offshore, 24-26 October 2016, Lisbon, Portugal