Age and gender differences in emotion regulation strategies: autobiographical memory, rumination, problem solving and distraction
Ricarte Trives, JJ
Navarro Bravo, B
Latorre Postigo, JM
Ros Segura, L
panish Journal of Psychology
Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Reason for embargo
Our study tested the hypothesis that older adults and men use more adaptive emotion regulatory strategies but fewer negative emotion regulatory strategies than younger adults and women. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that rumination acts as a mediator variable for the effect of age and gender on depression scores. Differences in rumination, problem solving, distraction, autobiographical recall and depression were assessed in a group of young adults (18-29 years) compared to a group of older adults (50-76 years). The older group used more problem solving and distraction strategies when in a depressed state than their younger counterparts (ps .06). Ordinary least squares regression analyses with bootstrapping showed that rumination mediated the association between age, gender and depression scores. These results suggest that older adults and men select more adaptive strategies to regulate emotions than young adults and women with rumination acting as a significant mediator variable in the association between age, gender, and depression.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from the publisher via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 19: E43
Place of publication