Twenty-Five New Viruses Associated with the Drosophilidae (Diptera).
This is the final version of the article. Available from Libertas Academica via the DOI in this record.
Drosophila melanogaster is an important laboratory model for studies of antiviral immunity in invertebrates, and Drosophila species provide a valuable system to study virus host range and host switching. Here, we use metagenomic RNA sequencing of about 1600 adult flies to discover 25 new RNA viruses associated with six different drosophilid hosts in the wild. We also provide a comprehensive listing of viruses previously reported from the Drosophilidae. The new viruses include Iflaviruses, Rhabdoviruses, Nodaviruses, and Reoviruses, and members of unclassified lineages distantly related to Negeviruses, Sobemoviruses, Poleroviruses, Flaviviridae, and Tombusviridae. Among these are close relatives of Drosophila X virus and Flock House virus, which we find in association with wild Drosophila immigrans. These two viruses are widely used in experimental studies but have not been previously reported to naturally infect Drosophila. Although we detect no new DNA viruses, in D. immigrans and Drosophila obscura, we identify sequences very closely related to Armadillidium vulgare iridescent virus (Invertebrate iridescent virus 31), bringing the total number of DNA viruses found in the Drosophilidae to three.
This work was funded by a Wellcome Trust Research Career Development Fellowship (WT085064) to DJO. BL was supported by grants from the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NE/L004232/1) and the European Research Council (281668, Drosophila Infection). SHL was supported by a Natural Environment Research Council Doctoral Training Grant (NERC DG NE/J500021/1). Work in DJO’s laboratory is partly supported by a Wellcome Trust strategic award to the Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution (WT095831). The authors confirm that the funder had no influence over the study design, content of the article, or selection of this journal.
Evolutionary Bioinformatics, 2016, Vol. 12, Supplement 2, pp. 13 - 25
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