Ultra-sensitive label-free in-situ detection of dynamically driven self-assembly of 2D nanoplatelets on SOI chip
Fluid dispersed two-dimensional (2D) composite materials with dynamically tunable functional properties have recently emerged as a novel highly promising class of optoelectronic materials, opening up new routes not only for the emerging field of metamaterials but also to chip-scale multifunctional metadevices. However, in-situ monitoring and detection of the dynamic ordering of 2D nanoparticles on chip and during the device operation is still a huge challenge. Here we introduce a novel approach for on-chip, in-situ Raman characterisation of 2D-fluid composite materials incorporated into Si photonics chip. In this work the Raman signal for 2D nanoplatelets is selectively enhanced by Fabry-Perot resonator design of CMOS photonic-compatible microfluidic channels. This has then been extended to demonstrate the first in-situ Raman detection of the dynamics of individual 2D nanoplatelets, within a microfluidic channel. Our work paves the way for the first practicable realisation of 3D photonic microstructure shaping based on 2D-fluid composites and CMOS photonics platform.
We acknowledge financial support from: the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) of the United Kingdom via the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Electromagnetic Metamaterials (Grant No. EP/L015331/1) and also via Grants No. EP/G036101/1, EP/M002438/1, and EP/M001024/1, Science Foundation Ireland Grant No. 12/IA/1300, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (Grant No. 14.B25.31.0002) and the Royal Society International Exchange Grant 2015/R3. The microfluidic structures were fabricated at Tyndall National Institute under the Science Foundation Ireland NAP368 and NAP94 programmes.