Transient complex peroxisomal interactions: A new facet of peroxisome dynamics in mammalian cells.
Communicative and Integrative Biology
Taylor & Francis Open
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Mitochondria and peroxisomes are ubiquitous subcellular organelles that fulfill essential metabolic functions, rendering them indispensable for human development and health. Both are highly dynamic organelles that can undergo remarkable changes in morphology and number to accomplish cellular needs. While mitochondrial dynamics are also regulated by frequent fusion events, the fusion of mature peroxisomes in mammalian cells remained a matter of debate. In our recent study, we clarified systematically that there is no complete fusion of mature peroxisomes analogous to mitochondria. Moreover, in contrast to key division components such as DLP1, Fis1 or Mff, mitochondrial fusion proteins were not localized to peroxisomes. However, we discovered and characterized novel transient, complex interactions between individual peroxisomes which may contribute to the homogenization of the often heterogeneous peroxisomal compartment, e.g., by distribution of metabolites, signals or other "molecular information" via interperoxisomal contact sites.
This work was supported by grants from CRUP/DAAD (A-20/08) and FCT (PTDC/SAU-OSM/103647/2008, SFRH/ BD/37647/2007 to N.A.B).
Communicative and Integrative Biology, 2012, Vol. 5:6, pp. 534 - 537
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