Graphene-protected copper and silver plasmonics.
Nature Publishing Group
This is the author accepted manuscript of an open access article. Available from Nature via the DOI in this record. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Plasmonics has established itself as a branch of physics which promises to revolutionize data processing, improve photovoltaics, and increase sensitivity of bio-detection. A widespread use of plasmonic devices is notably hindered by high losses and the absence of stable and inexpensive metal films suitable for plasmonic applications. To this end, there has been a continuous search for alternative plasmonic materials that are also compatible with complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology. Here we show that copper and silver protected by graphene are viable candidates. Copper films covered with one to a few graphene layers show excellent plasmonic characteristics. They can be used to fabricate plasmonic devices and survive for at least a year, even in wet and corroding conditions. As a proof of concept, we use the graphene-protected copper to demonstrate dielectric loaded plasmonic waveguides and test sensitivity of surface plasmon resonances. Our results are likely to initiate wide use of graphene-protected plasmonics.
SAIT GRO Program and EPSRC grant EP/K011022/1. Y.-J. Kim was supported by the Global Research Laboratory Program (2011-0021972) of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Korea. The support of the Graphene Flagship project is acknowledged.
Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5517.
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